On movie sex and movie love...

Tag: Patriarchy (Page 1 of 5)


  • YEAR: 1976
  • DIRECTOR: Brian De Palma
  • KEY ACTORS: Sissy Spacek,  Piper Laurie
  • IMDB SCORE: 7.4


✔️ This is a tough watch, but I still think it is rewatchable.
❌ But I don’t want to fuck the cast. The 70s styling is too much for a start!
❌ And I will admit to fantasies of telekinetic powers, but I don’t think those are the kind of fantasies this questions means…!
✔️ This absolutely passes the Bechdel Test. With so many women characters, I’d be concerned if it failed!
✔️ And I will give it mark for sex positivity. Mrs White’s rants about sin and judgement are correctly seen as bullshit  

As always, this contains spoilers so watch the film before you read on…

STREAMING: Virgin TV Go (free with subscription), Amazon Prime (free with MGM subscription upgrade, rent £3.49, buy £4.99), YouTube (from £3.49). For a full list of streaming options, check out JustWatch.com

The poster for Carrie, showing her covered in blood and standing in front of a fire

I had grand plans to write a few Halloween posts this year but October got away from me somewhat and I didn’t find time to finish any! I’m afraid that you’ll have to wait for next year to hear my thoughts on scary movies such as The Addams Family or perhaps American Psycho. But today is Smutathon – the annual charity erotic writing marathon that I have been taking part in for the last five years – so I thought I would at least finish one Halloween post during this frantic day of writing!

For 2021, we are raising money for two charities that do incredible work to support trans people – Gendered Intelligence in the UK and Trans Lifeline in USA. To steal Quinn’s words from our launch page, ‘these are charities who your hard-earned cash will really make a difference to. With the hate campaign against trans people the media are waging and such a concerted effort to roll back the rights of trans people this year, it feels more important than ever to Do Something Practical about All This Transphobia. Especially if you’re cisgender, this is a really practical way for you to show up for trans people right now.’

Please check out Smutathon and donate to our charities. So much incredible erotica and writing has been shared already and it is only going to get better! Follow @SmutForACause and the hashtag #Smutathon2021 for all the filth and deliciousness shared this year…

Of all genres, horror is one of the most clearly misogynistic. Pages and pages have been written on the subject, including by me, and the question doesn’t tend to be ‘why are horror movies so misogynistic?’ and instead we accept this as fact and so ask ‘why do women like these movies when they are so misogynistic?’ Obviously, there are feminist horror movies – Jennifer’s Body and Ginger Snaps are two that I’ve reviewed – but they remain the minority, and tropes about virginal final girl survivors and terrifying mothers persist. 

To me, the answer to why horror movies are still so appealing seems to be because they often tell stories about issues that affect women, albeit in a hugely hyperbolic and often frankly horrific way. But in an industry that remains woefully cis and white and male, these stories aren’t often told in a way that we can recognise without some sort of Patriarchy-pleasing sugar-coating. All women (cis and trans) and people who experience misogyny are at risk of violence, particularly from men. Those of us that choose motherhood know that it is a transformative and not always easy time. Puberty and menstruation can be emotionally and physically difficult. And sometimes it’s helpful to see the horror and violence in these life events that we’re supposed to just accept with a smile…

Shelley Stamp, a film professor at University of California, Santa Cruz, talked about exactly this appeal of horror in The Guardian for Carrie’s 40th anniversary in 2016, explaining that ‘the same qualities which lead some to label horror as misogynist may be the things which explain its appeal to women. “Horror, more than any other film genre, deals openly with questions of gender, sexuality and the body,” she said. “Yes, femininity, female sexuality, and the female body are often presented as ‘monstrous’. But that doesn’t mean that women aren’t interested in watching and thinking about these issues. In many ways horror films bring to the fore issues that are otherwise unspoken in patriarchal culture – which itself constructs female sexuality as monstrous.”’

So what about Carrie? A movie that easily passes the Bechdel Test as all the key characters are women and is about puberty and the trauma of being brought up as a teenage girl? Could that still be misogynistic?

Carrie tells the story of a young girl, Carrie (Spacek), who doesn’t really fit in at school due in part to her mother’s (Laurie) extreme religious views and is often the target of mockery and bullying by her peers. One day, she starts her period in the shower after PE and, as she has had no sex education, she thinks she is dying. Her classmates mock her terror and throw menstrual products at her, prompting her teacher to ban the ringleaders from attending the prom. Feeling guilty for causing such distress, one of the girls, Sue, persuades her boyfriend Tommy to ask Carrie instead. She goes and has a fairytale time, being crowned prom queen and finally feeling normal…until jilted bully Nancy, who blames Carrie for missing out on the prom, empties a bucket of pig’s blood all over Carrie. Humiliated and traumatised, Carrie unleashes her telekinetic powers that have been teased throughout the movie and kills, well, everyone.

Carrie, walking home from school

Rewatching Carrie to write this review, I realised that the story really does represent a wide range of traumas that those of us who were brought up as women experience during our teenage years, admittedly with the nuance of a sledgehammer, but it did feel good that they are acknowledged. School can be fucking traumatic! Starting your period can be awful, even if you are expecting it and understand it, and was there ever better proof of the need for comprehensive sex education! I shuddered at the idea that pupils at the school could only attend the prom if they had a date as I would likely have never gone to any of mine and I sympathised with Carrie feeling so isolated from her peers that she shrinks further away. The cool girls are always an impregnable cliche and, unless you find your own group, it can be very lonely on the outside.

And while it is hyperbolic to the extreme, I did find myself sympathising with Carrie’s mother’s panic for Carrie while she was waiting for her date for the prom. ‘He’s not going to come,’ she wails, tearing out her hair and scratching her face. ‘They’re all going to laugh at you!’ What happened to her for this to trigger such a violent response? To me, she was clearly terrified for her daughter and did seem like she simply wanted to protect her from whatever awful experience she herself had had. It felt like a glimpse beneath the evangelistic exterior to see that there might have been a specific trauma that caused Mrs White to feel such shame and become so disgusted by sin, turning to God for salvation. Was it her disastrous marriage to Carrie’s father or something more? Which is why it is so devastating that she was right – Carrie was humiliated and they did laugh at her – but Mrs White’s re-trauma has dissociated her from reality and she thinks killing Carrie is the only way to save her.

Carrie's mother, holding her daughter and brandishing a knife

Using magic or superpowers as a metaphor for trauma isn’t a new idea – Practical Magic links demonic possession with abuse, the ritual sacrifice in Jennifer’s Body stands in for sexual assault – but thinking about it in this way does change how I look at Carrie too. Is she a victim or a monster? Is she the hero or the beast?

When writing about horror from a feminist perspective, Jude Doyle’s book Dead Blondes and Bad Mothers has become my main reference so I was thrilled that he had written about Carrie in a recent newsletter. He has taught me so much about the horror movie tropes that surround the transition from childhood to womanhood; from innocent child who needs to be saved to witch or monster who needs to be killed. And, of course, Carrie is exactly a movie about this. Carrie literally gets her first period as the movie begins and, as Doyle writes in their newsletter, she ‘grows from a child to a woman, just as she grows from a victim to a monster, but the story argues these are essentially the same thing. Every step Carrie takes toward being a woman is a step she takes away from humanity.’ Cool.

Bloodsoaked Carrie, walking through the town

But what is different about Carrie is that the ‘misogyny almost always comes from female characters’ – her abusive mother, the girls at school. As Doyle wrote, Carrie thinks there’s something rotten about the whole gender,’ emphasising how it believes that ‘womanhood is connected to violence.’ And blood. Menstrual blood and the blood of violence. The violence between female characters in Carrie saturates the whole movie, from the astonishing number of times the gym teacher slaps her pupils to the violence Mrs White bestows on her daughter in the name of God. The men just seem to play along!

Of course, whether they are victims or perpetrators, all these women are still punished and they all die. They may be powerful and monstrous and have the ability to exact revenge or force their will and fucking feel their anger, but they aren’t allowed to change the status quo and keep that power. The Patriarchy cannot allow powerful women to survive or succeed. To steal a long quote from Jude Doyle, because they’re incredible, ‘if you know, in your gut, that women have good reason to be angry at you, women’s anger can never be anything but threatening. We valorise women who are soft and childlike, women who are victimised and helpless, women who know their place, because, if those women were in a position to demand justice, we might not emerge unscathed.

Which is why Carrie and other horror movies have to be seen as misogynistic despite the potentially feminist themes. It’s like Rosemary’s Babya stunningly realistic portrayal of the dangers of motherhood and gaslighting by the people we trust, but wrapped up as horror to show how helpless and inevitable this suffering is. Which, of course, is terrifying.

And despite how well (or not) these traditionally feminine issues are portrayed, there is no doubt that Carrie was made by a man simply because there is an extraordinary amount of nudity and objectification – naked girls running around the changing rooms in the beginning, Carrie seen topless for entirely avoidable reasons. I honestly don’t understand why they needed to show so much skin, except for male gratification and I don’t see how the nudity furthered the plot. I gather from IMDB that De Palma shot a TV-friendly version of the changing room scene, which begs the question about why the nude one was necessary in the first place. Actually, IMDB was full of pretty creepy trivia, including how De Palma used nude shots of Spacek (with her consent? Who knows…) to persuade the other girls to appear naked when they were hesitant and how he often invited Steven Spielberg to the set, telling him that there were ‘a lot of cute girls down here.’ Gross. PJ Soles, who played one of the bully girls, told the AV Club that Spielberg would ‘hang out and he’d ask us all out and none of us said yes, except for Amy. So she ended up marrying him.’ Grooosssss.

Roger Ebert described how Carrie isn’t a science-fiction movie with a tacked-on crisis, but the study of a character we know and understand,’ and Carrie herself ‘isn’t another stereotyped product of the horror production line; she’s a shy, pretty, and complicated high school senior who’s a lot like kids we once knew.’ Owen Gleiberman for Entertainment Weekly thought Carrie was ‘the strangest, most exhilarating thing: a googly-eyed romantic teen-dream-turned-nightmare…It’s also a rapturously lyrical Cinderella-goes-to-the-prom fairy tale that holds its sincerity up to the light, mercilessly mocks it, and still, somehow, believes in it.’ And I think that’s why I love it and why I find the ending so traumatic and conflicting. I know Carrie. I recognise her, maybe I am her in some ways. Just (regrettably?) without the telekinetic powers.

Carrie at the prom, before the blood is dropped, looking so happy!

Because I love how Carrie comes into herself throughout the movie – she discovers how she can be beautiful, she begins to discover how good it feels to be included, and she doesn’t really change in order to discover this. There’s no big make-over; she simply stands taller and accepts herself as she is. It also really appeals to me that she learns to use her power to be strong, rather than just protect herself. She stops being a victim; she stops being weak and takes control. Sure, she is ‘capable of doing terrible things, after many terrible things have been done to her’ and perhaps she should be punished for that but, to quote Doyle again, ‘the way men treat women isn’t terribly peaceful, either; we’re just used to it by now.’

And so it’s a shame that this great discovery of her power means that she has to be a monster.

Carrie covered in blood and surrounded by flames

NEXT TIME… the return of my Disney Princess series with Robin Hood (who I know isn’t a princess…!)

And please donate to Smutathon!

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Copyright All stills and photos are sourced from MovieStillsDB and CineMaterial, and are the courtesy of their respective production studios and/or distribution companies. Images are intended for educational or editorial use only.

Casino Royale

  • YEAR: 2006
  • DIRECTOR: Martin Campbell
  • KEY ACTORS: Daniel Craig, Eva Green, Mads Mikkelsen
  • IMDB SCORE: 8.0


✔️ This is an incredibly rewatchable film. Every day, if you wanted
✔️ And I would absolutely fuck the cast. Every day, if you wanted!
✔️ It also did inspire fantasies, although not so much from the main plot but from Vesper and Bond’s whirlwind romance at the end. I wanted to sail to Venice, to run through the woods in the rain and have passionate sex in a shelter. Yup…
✔️ The sex positive question is a tough one but, especially when compared to other Bond movies, this is sex positive. All the sex is consensual and looks pretty fun!
❌ But it can’t get full marks as it does not pass the Bechdel Test. Worryingly few Bond films do – this is a future pub quiz question if ever I saw one. How many Bond movies pass, and which ones? Answers at the end of the post!

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  • YEAR: 2006
  • DIRECTOR: Zack Snyder
  • KEY ACTORS: Gerard Butler, Lena Headey
  • IMDB SCORE: 7.6


❌ This clearly fails the Bechdel Test – there is only one named female character!
✔️ But it is rewatchable! Even now when I can see how problematic it has become, it is still very enjoyable and very watchable!
✔️ And I would fuck the cast. I’m sure that they’re all absolutely insufferable but they are good to look at…
No fantasies though – I’d like to look at them but I don’t want to actually be in that world.
❌ And it’s not sex positive. There are too many problems, too much objectification and too much toxic masculinity!

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Battle of the Sexes

  • YEAR: 2017
  • DIRECTOR: Jonathan Dayton, Valerie Faris
  • KEY ACTORS: Emma Stone, Steve Carnell
  • IMDB SCORE: 6.7


✔️ This movie definitely passes the Bechdel Test!
✔️ And I think I would fuck the cast. Not so much Steve Carell but I did like Emma Stone’s Billie Jean!
❓ But did it inspire fantasies? All the ASMR meant that I wanted a haircut with head massage but I don’t know if that really counts as a sexual fantasy…
❓And I’ve been battling with the question if it’s rewatchability. It’s a great film but I think I would only watch it again if someone else requested it and wouldn’t go out of my way to see it.
✔️ It is sex positive! There’s nothing explicit on screen but King’s extra-marital relationship with Marilyn is handled well and, although I’d prefer it to be more obvious, Margaret Court’s anti-LGBT attitudes are presented as outdated and unwelcome, as they should be.

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Kramer vs. Kramer

  • YEAR: 1979
  • DIRECTOR:  Robert Benton
  • KEY ACTORS: Dustin Hoffman, Meryl Streep, Justin Henry
  • IMDB SCORE: 7.8


❌ Sadly, this fails the Bechdel test.
✔️ But I do think that it is rewatchable, although it isn’t an easy watch!
❌ I don’t want to fuck the cast. They’re not portrayed as very attractive and it’s not a story about sex or successful romantic relationships
❌ And so it also didn’t inspire fantasies. Quite the reverse!
❌ In the end, I can’t give it a mark for being sex positive. Joanna is judged for having partners and Ted isn’t even questioned, and that’s too outdated a view on sex!

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Wonder Woman 1984

  • YEAR: 2020
  • DIRECTOR: Patty Jenkins
  • KEY ACTORS: Gal Gadot, Chris Pine, Kristen Wiig, Pedro Pascal
  • IMDB SCORE: 5.4

SEX SCORE: 2.5/5

✔️ So let’s start with positives – I would fuck the cast. Gal Gadot is sublime and Chris Pine is my second favourite superhero-movie-Chris so, yes. Definitely yes.
❌ But it didn’t inspire fantasies. There wasn’t really anything to fantasise about..
✔️ And it easily passes the Bechdel Test! Conversations between the Amazons in the beginning don’t involve men and Diana and Barbara talk a lot too.
❓But I can’t decide if it is rewatchable. I love superhero movies and I love Wonder Woman as a character so I expect I will watch it again, but will I look it out? Will I stop scrolling if I see it on TV? I don’t know that I would…
❌ And I can’t give it a mark for sex positivity. The only sex occurs between Diana and Steve when he was inhabiting another random body, which creates so many consent issues that they shouldn’t have just ignored them.

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Indecent Proposal

  • YEAR: 1993
  • DIRECTOR: Adrian Lyne
  • KEY ACTORS: Demi Moore, Robert Redford, Woody Harrelson
  • IMDB SCORE: 6.0


❌ This fails the Bechdel Test – I believe that Diana is the only named female character, which isn’t really good enough…
❌ And I don’t think it is rewatchable. It simply wasn’t good enough and my fantasies of the premise are better than the film!
✔️ Despite their flaws, I do want to fuck the cast…except Woody Harrelson…
✔️ And it did inspire fantasies. Of being bought and being sold and CONSENSUALLY treated as an object!
❌ Finally, it isn’t sex positive. There was too much ambiguous consent and odd sexual dynamics to get a mark for positivity!

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It’s a Wonderful Life

  • YEAR: 1946
  • DIRECTOR: Frank Capra
  • KEY ACTORS: James Stewart, Donna Reed
  • IMDB SCORE: 8.6

SEX SCORE: 2.5/5

✔️ This is absolutely definitely rewatchable! It has become a Christmas classic and is on TV nearly every year…
❌ But I don’t want to fuck the cast. It’s old-fashioned without the charm that makes me wish I’d loved back then and Jimmy Stewart is just…well…old. Regardless of his actual age!
❌ And similarly, it didn’t inspire fantasies. It’s just not that kind of film.
✔️ Surprisingly, this does pass the Bechdel Test. It’s a relatively dubious pass, qualifying with snatches of conversation that aren’t part of the main plot, but it does pass!
❓But is it sex positive? I’ve been unable to decide. Maybe yes, because there’s no shaming or obvious judgement and there’s a pretty risque scene when Mary loses her gown, but equally women are treated as wives or nothing so…half mark?

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The Apartment

  • YEAR: 1960
  • DIRECTOR: Billy Wilder
  • KEY ACTORS: Jack Lemmon, Shirley MacLaine
  • IMDB SCORE: 8.3


✔️ This passes the Bechdel Test, although the site I use to check described its passing as ‘by accident!’
✔️ And it is definitely rewatchable. I’d even say that I’ve not watched it enough!
✔️ Just like Mad Men, it did inspire fantasies of being wined and dined in 1960s New York but they are probably not very healthy fantasies…
❌ But I didn’t want to fuck the cast. Although Lemmon is less sycophantic and more likeable by the end, he’s still not for me!
✔️ I thought a lot about the question of sex positivity and I’ve decided that it is sex positive. Even within the constraints of the Hays Code, the women are having consensually fun sex lives and any consequences are blamed on the toxic men rather than the sexually liberated women!

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On the Basis of Sex

  • YEAR: 2018
  • DIRECTOR: Mimi Leder
  • KEY ACTORS: Felicity Jones, Armie Hammer
  • IMDB SCORE: 7.1


✔️ Of course this passes the Bechdel Test! It’s all about women’s equality and the women talk a lot about social change.
✔️ The rewatchable question is difficult. I think it is rewatchable as I’d like to see it again and would stop if I saw it on TV, but I’m not rushing out to see it again…
✔️ I do want to fuck the cast. Hammer is beautiful and Jones is impressive, and it’s a powerful combination!
❌ But it didn’t inspire fantasies. I was envious of her 1950s lingerie but that doesn’t really count…!
✔️ Is it sex positive? This is a tough one as the act of sex isn’t really discussed but it is so positive about gender and women’s rights that I want to give it the mark!

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